According to Dr. Guettler, kids aren't little adults when it comes to sports injuries. Dr. Guettler says the growth plate is the weak link and kids mature at different rates. He says most injuries are simple sprains and strains and can be treated with RICE (rest, ice, compression, elevation). He also highlighted in a recent youth pitching study, Dr. Joe's "Rule of Ones" for youth pitchers to prevent injury.
It means one game a day, one day of pitching then rest, one position at a time during a pitched game, one team at a time, only one pitch before high school, and at least one season of some other organized sport. And parents, if your young pitcher mentions that his arm is 'sore' or 'tired' - let him take some time off. One complaint of arm soreness or tiredness equals one week off.
Dr. Walton sees plenty of children's injuries at Beaumont Children's Hospital Pediatric Emergency.
Concussions most often seen in children are from sports injuries and bicycle accidents while adults are more likely to suffer from a concussion as the result of a car accident or fall. A concussion is a brain injury caused by a bump or blow to the head, and is the most common type of traumatic brain injury in both adults and children. Concussions range from minor to major and are usually diagnosed based on symptoms and severity of head trauma.
Symptoms of concussion: Headache Appearing dazed or stunned/ confusion Nausea or vomiting Balance problems Behavior or personality changes Concentration or memory problems Change in eating or sleeping patterns
Concussion prevention for children playing sports:
Appropriate use of helmets, mouth guards and padding, which should be worn consistently Following all safety rules for a sport Learning the concussion symptoms in children so prompt medical attention is sought for your child Taking the recommended amount of time off from sport Only allowing your child to return once they have been cleared by a doctor familiar with concussion
Heat cramp symptoms: Cramps that typically begin suddenly in the hands, calves, or feet Hard, tense muscles
Heat exhaustion symptoms: Fatigue, Nausea, Headaches Muscle aches and cramps/ weakness Confusion or anxiety Drenching sweats, often accompanied by cold, clammy skin Dizziness Fainting
Heat stroke symptoms: All the symptoms of heat exhaustion and: Decreased sweating/ Hot, flushed, dry skin Rapid heart rate Shortness of breath Decreased urination Increased body temperature (104 degrees to 106 degrees F) Confusion, delirium, convulsions or loss of consciousness
First aid for heat related illness: Fluids to replace fluid loss and electrolytes Get in the shade Wet the skin, allow water to evaporate Call 911 for alteration of mental status
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